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Video game related hobbies go on /games/
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 No.56116

How can I start up a website. I know how to get a domain but I heard you need a 'server' (which from what I have researched, is basically hard-drives/a PC tower that your website is connected to) for it to work, in that case where can I buy on or the parts to make one.
Also what programming language should I learn to make one? javascript, html…

 No.56117

html is the easiest for beginners. There are tools to put together a static html site quickly, like Hugo, but doing it from scratch is very educational.
For the server you typically rent one from a third party company. Then you can just upload your files and after configuring the server they should be viewable on your domain.

 No.56118

>>56117
I havent heard of Hugo before, I'll give it a try, thanks for the head's up.

 No.56119

>>56118
Is wordpress any good? I heard a lot of people say it's alright for beginners.

 No.56122

File: 1605977571671.jpg (210.88 KB, 1280x960, 4:3, Untitled.jpg) ImgOps iqdb

>in that case where can I buy on or the parts to make one.
That's advanced enterprise stuff that virtually no casual user does anymore, only practical these days if you're hosting a private website detached from the internet for say an office building, or doing some serious seedboxing. hardware, electricity costs, and necessary internet speeds is costly. Many ISPs will even take steps to make sure you can't host an online website in your own house! Instead, get a VPS through your domain provider's web interface. Even if you want to install a website just locally to practice webdev on, any old laptop or desktop will suffice

1.
Buy the domain name (URL) and hosting from a major provider (Dreamhost, GoDaddy, etc)
-costs usually less than $15.00/year for a domain, $25.00/month for hosting
-Gives your domain its own unique IP
-Website is hosted on a virtual private server, with its own operating system, credentials, etc
-Will usually come with Ubuntu or FreeBSD installed, with all necessary software to get going (See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LAMP_%28software_bundle%29)
- use the domain provider's interface to attach your domain to your hosting plan

2.
Install the same version of the operating system you have on your VPS on to an offline (local) machine for testing purposes
-Do everything from the command line, you'll want to get used to that
-Doesn't need to be a fast PC at all, won't actually be hosting anything that the public can connect to
-It can be installed on to a virtual machine if you don't have an extra junker PC lying around
- Install whatever LAMP software is on the VPS on to this local machine
- TEST EVERY INSTALL

3a.
Gain access to your VPS's terminal from the Local Machine
This gives you remote control of all functions on the VPS as if it were your Local Machine!
- Find your SSH credentials provided by the hosting plan
- Set a password if not set already
- If making a new SSH user, make sure it has root/superuser privileges
- Download a Terminal Emulator on to your Local Machine
- Log in with the credentials via the Emulator
- Test connectivity by checking status of the VPS's LAMP software

3b.
Gain access to your FTP/SFTP
This is a relieving upgrade from SSH if you're not skilled with the terminal
Basically shows your entire website as if it were folders on your Local Machine, complete with drag+drop!
- Download a FTP/SFTP client
- Log in with the FTP Username/Password provided by your domain/hosting service
- Save these credentials as a profile
Additionally, big domain/hosting providers will have a WebFTP section that connects to your server via the web browser when logged in to your hosting panel

4.
Connect to your website through your browser
If you installed and tested a webserver on your Local machine, you probably remember the Apache/NGINX "working" page
- Create a simple index.html document by reading beginner tutorials ( https://www.w3schools.com/html/ )
- Upload this to the root of your server via the SFTP/FTP client
- Navigate to your website through your web browser
- If it works, it works! if it doesn't, it doesn't!

5.
Decide what kind of website you want.

There are many pre-made website packages that are programmed to work with just the LAMP stack, such as Wordpress (good for blogs) and MediaWiki (your own wiki!), or even Vichan (Your own Wizchan!!!) with minor additional software requirements that can be installed via SSH in just a few commands, such as image and video processing software (Imagemagick, FFmpeg). Installation guides for such frontend software will usually list its dependencies.

Additionally, you can make your own website from scratch via HTML and CSS, and when you get good enough with those, you can write PHP or javascript that outputs HTML on to your website to make pages on the fly based on user input (like this reply box) and database changes. With a fleshed out frontend software such as Wordpress, you'll be able to make entries, new pages, upload and offload content, and do pretty much anything all through the web browser without needing to log in to any SSH/FTP. No matter your route, you'll need to know basic HTML to form the building blocks of webpages. While HTML is easy to build the page with, it can also be used to fine-tune the appearance of every element on the page. This is not recommended though, as a basic CSS is better for styling the page as it allows changes to be reflected across your site without needing to specify the same style parametres in every single HTML page

>Also what programming language should I learn to make one? javascript, html…

You'll need to learn the basics of your operating system's terminal above all so you can communicate with your website. This should come naturally when you begin to toy around and install frontend website software

HTML > CSS > PHP , the essentials for Webdev. All high-level languages that are very human friendly. Also keep cheatsheets of commands specific to the software your website uses such as the image processors

Javascript for advanced extended functions
Actionscript is fun too but don't bother learning it

 No.56124

it really depends what you want to do with the website

 No.56125

This really seems more in the realm of things you should have done a web search before asking a image board kind of thing.

Like did you do any research on your own at all?

 No.56126

These days you can make a website with no coding or IT experience. Lots of places provide ready-made templates that you can customize easily and fill them out with your own content.

https://www.squarespace.com/
https://wordpress.com/
https://www.weebly.com/

 No.56159

>>56122
>costs usually less than $15.00/year for a domain, $25.00/month for hosting

freedns.afraid.org - free second level domains
hexonet.net - 11$/y for .com

scaleway.com - 2.40eur/m for cheapest vps (good enough for vpn & homepage)

>FTP Username/Password

Assuming you use VPS (and you should use it for hobby/learning), you do not need FTP. If you have SSH access, you can transfer files using it (WinSCP on Win).

 No.56173

There's metric tons of HTML tutorials on youtube, even just ignoring CSS and JS. As for the host, you should use neocities, since it's free and has a pretty good IDE. https://neocities.org/



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